EXPER A1B DRIVER

The initial condition of each simulation member is taken from the respective state in the year in 20C3M. The historical experiment 20C3M simulates climate changes in the 20th century. The initial condition of each simulation member is taken from the different states of the PIcntrl fields at simulation years of 1, 51, , and It is used as reference for the following historical and scenario experiments, and also provides the initial conditions for the historical experiment. This paper present results from multiple comprehensive models used to simulate an aggressive mitigation scenario based on detailed results of an Integrated Assessment Model. The pre-industrial control experiment PIcntrl simulates climate changes using fixed forcing agents at levels from the year e. In E1 twenty-first century global warming remains below 2K in most models, but global mean precipitation changes are higher than in A1B up to and consistently higher per degree of warming.

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JMA | Global Warming Projection Vol.7

Atmospheric carbon-dioxide concentrations pathways rather than carbon emissions are specified in all models, including five ESMs that contain interactive carbon cycles. In E1 twenty-first century global warming remains below 2K in most models, but global mean precipitation changes are higher than in A1B up to and consistently higher per degree of warming. Our study illustrates that the benefits of mitigation will not be realised in temperature terms until several decades after emissions reductions begin, and may vary considerably between regions.

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Each member q1b integrated, including the year period from to The initial condition of each simulation member is taken from the different states of the PIcntrl fields at simulation years of 1, 51,and Each member is integrated for years from to Salas y Melia, M.

This paper present results from multiple comprehensive models used to simulate an aggressive mitigation scenario based on detailed results of an Integrated Assessment Model. For Global Warming Projection Vol. This experiment produced continuous high-resolution simulation data for the North Pacific, enabling assessment of future climate changes in ocean areas while eliminating short-term natural climate variations through time-series analysis of NPOGCM results.

Met Office Hadley Centre Model Data Holdings

Print page Send to xeper. The initial condition of each simulation member is taken from the respective state in the year in 20C3M.

The historical experiment 20C3M simulates climate changes in the 20th century. Each experiment consists of five-member ensembles of simulation. Specified forcings also include minor greenhouse gas concentration pathways, ozone concentration, aerosols via concentrations or precursor emissions and land use change in five models. Negative allowable anthropogenic carbon emissions at and beyond cannot be ruled out for the E1 scenario.

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Summary of future projection. Home Global Warming Projection.

For further details of the experiments using the CGCM2. The pre-industrial control experiment PIcntrl simulates climate changes using fixed forcing agents at levels from the year e. Climate change under aggressive mitigation: Two kinds of experiment were conducted: Resulting twenty-first century global mean warming and expdr changes for A1B are broadly consistent with previous studies.

Climate change under aggressive mitigation: the ENSEMBLES multi-model experiment

Pre-industrial control experiment PIcntrl The pre-industrial control experiment PIcntrl simulates climate changes using fixed forcing agents at levels from the year e. Expr forcing agents are the historical record of or estimated greenhouse gases, tropospheric sulfate aerosol, volcanoes and solar forcing.

It is used as reference exped the following historical and scenario experiments, and also provides the initial conditions for the historical experiment. The spread in global temperature and precipitation responses is partly attributable to inter-model variations in aerosol loading and representations of aerosol-related radiative forcing effects.